II – Dimensions of Democratic Autonomy

The political dimension of democratic autonomy

The abolition of the policy of annihilation and denial and the realization of the will of society to govern itself are possible with the help of democratic self-administration. This includes the democratic organisation of society, the democratisation of politics, the promotion of the social will for self-government and the democratisation of Turkey. The political dimension is implemented through organisation in the form of councils. The council structure starts at the local level and is implemented at the highest level in the form of the Congress for a Democratic Society:

– All council decisions are made collectively.

– Practical solutions are developed for current political problems.

– Social problems are solved locally, the attitude of delegating solutions to the centre is abandoned.

The social dimension of democratic autonomy

All social circles should organize themselves and express themselves through councils. These are:

1. women

According to the democratic, ecological and women’s liberation paradigm, the aim is to achieve a moral and politicized society. In every area of social life committees are formed and plans and projects are developed to solve social problems concerning work, health, poverty, sport, migration, people with disabilities, addictions. In order to create an organised civil society force, the work is carried out together with the institutions and organisations active in these areas.

2. youth

Self-defence against social degeneration through addictive drugs and narcotics, prostitution, gambling, recruitment of female agents and other policies directed against young people is developed and built up everywhere by means of self-organised councils.

3. children

From birth, children should be provided with the necessary environment to develop their individual personality, their own cultural values and a free and participatory personality. Above all, mother-tongue education and health, but also the physical and psychological education of the children should be provided. The labour exploitation of children and all forms of abuse are to be combated. The universal rights of children will be recognised and efforts will be made to pass appropriate legislation.

4. old people

Elderly people participate in the Council structures so that they can pass on their knowledge and experience to society in a democratic way. The aim is to ensure that they lead their lives in society on the basis of democracy, equality, respect, love and social security.

5. people with disabilities

The rights of people with mental or physical impairments to a life and a job, taking into account individual conditions, are protected.

6. health

To ensure that no person is left without health care, it is an important goal to provide health care services in the same way, free of charge, of high quality, in their mother tongue and accessible. The responsibility for the health care facilities of the central state should be transferred to the regional self-governing structures. Against the privatization and monopolization of the health sector, separate health care facilities of the society will be formed and in this way, sociality will be put into the centre.

7. migration and poverty

Adequate mechanisms should be put in place to enable displaced peoples who have been cut off from production by state policies to return. People condemned by impoverishment to the dependence on alms are fighting poverty through self-organization and productivity.

8. workforce/workload

Labour and labour costs are regarded as the most sensitive value and a stand is taken against their exploitation. The organisation of workers in every sector, without distinction between the public and private sectors, the right to form trade unions, strike and collective agreement should be practised in life. Women workers’ confederations and a democratic, social trade union system should be established.

Right in democratic autonomy (social understanding)

The law should not guarantee the security and interests of the state, but the interests and security of society and the individual. Instead of a state justice system that unilaterally protects the interests of the central bureaucracy and relies on the nation, a legal system is needed that protects the interests of regional and cultural groups and different identities and is based on balance. In order to solve social problems, social morality is used instead of law. The main reference point is the moral-political society. Against the system’s attempts to corrupt the values in society, these values are protected by organized mechanisms.

Diplomacy of democratic autonomy

The diplomacy of the democratic nation is not a means of war, but of peace and constructive relations. The development of friendly relations between neighbouring peoples and sibling societies should lead to an era of mutual benefit. Togetherness and unity among the Kurds as well as social peace among all peoples is the principle of diplomacy.

Democratic autonomy – art and culture (education)

Another principle is the survival and development of all cultures in the regions of Turkey and Kurdistan. It is fought for the historical riches of Kurdistan and Turkey to be regarded as the heritage of mankind and passed on to the following generations. The artistic and cultural activities which are subject to the monopoly of the state should be returned to their real owner, the society. One of the fundamental rights is to receive education, not in a centralised system, but through regional self-governments. Educational institutions will be transferred to the regional self-governments and will thus be able, on the one hand, to meet needs and, on the other, to be of a higher quality and more easily accessible. Based on the social paradigm of local democracy, ecology, women’s liberation, one principle will be the education of free individuals in their mother tongue through a scientific, emancipatory and liberal system. Education committees will be formed to implement the educational work of the society.

The ecological dimension of democratic autonomy

There is an organizing process to stop the environmental disasters, to prevent the destruction caused by technology, to fight against the alienation of man from nature resulting from his striving for power and domination and to make this an inseparable part of democratic society. Because ecological society also requires a moral transformation, rationality and morality that do not take a holistic view of nature, man and technology are not justifiable.

For this reason, knowledge and technology in the system of the ecological society must be ecological to begin with. It is ensured that all organic and inorganic components of nature are protected in their entirety and preserved for future generations.

The economic dimension of democratic autonomy

Since democratic economy cannot be created without democratic politics, a way will be found to organize and develop the economy hand in hand through the institutions of the municipalities, councils and congresses as an expression of democratic self-management. The economic slaughter will be carried out together with other social slaughters to enslave the peoples.

The societies that have been robbed of the opportunities, values and the right to control their own economy now produce and consume not for themselves but for the monopolies of capital and power. It is therefore essential to free ourselves from the monopolies and to create a system in which work is not exploited but collectively practised. The economy is democratically developed and organized from its base.

Statist civilization has taken the economy out of the hands of the true creator, practitioner and organizer of the social economy, women, and rendered it ineffective. This situation has led to the destruction of both the women-centered social reality and the social nature. It is an absolute priority to end the separation of women from the economy and other areas of life. As a contrast to the free market economy, the model of the social economy is being developed.

Instead of a globalised, capitalist economy, the local, communal economy and society are democratised and developed together.

Contrary to the general understanding of economics, the economy of communities is not to be realized and directed by the state, certain centres of power and capital, families or companies, but by organized society. Within the framework of economic activity, structures that strengthen society are established.

When moral unity and cohesion are joined by material unity and commonality, sociality develops, strengthens and forms itself. The organization of cooperatives, one of the core components of the democratic-autonomous economy, enables society to develop its own moral and political qualities and to protect its economy from the monopolies of capital and power. Cooperatives are built up that correspond in form, scope and function as well as in the quantity and quality of their economic activities to their cultural and economic situation, regional climatic conditions and the corresponding geographical situation and regional needs.

The source of alternative energy is to be freed from the control of monopolistic capital, and forms of self-government such as energy cooperatives and platforms are to be created for the supply of energy, thus guaranteeing that the people are decision-makers and have a say in energy supply and use. In addition to the development of an agriculture based on the protection of local seeds, progress in the sectors of industry, tourism, extraction of raw materials, animal husbandry and other labour-intensive sectors will also be targeted.

The self-defence of democratic autonomy

The understanding of self-defence cannot be limited to the narrow concept of security. Instead democratic society should be organised and institutionalised in every area, so that, beyond the defence of the right to life, a genuine system is created against the destruction and denial of the values on which it is based. The attitude towards denial and annihilation is neither tactical nor strategic, but rather principled.

It is a social right for a people to protect its identity and culture. This requires great knowledge and strong organization.

Every living creature has a natural reflex to protect itself.

Man has also taken up the fight in every epoch when the values created by him under his own physical and mental efforts have been attacked in order to protect them and himself. Self-defence encompasses the areas of economy, social affairs, politics, culture, law, psychology, philosophy, as well as other more extensive areas such as gender and environmental issues. Various activities of the people as democratic channels, such as rallies, demonstrations, various forms of protest, legal association and foundation work, cultural, legal, artistic, political and diplomatic activities, offer the possibility to seek one’s own right.

Self-defence is the security policy of the moral-political society and is directed against anti-democratic practices. Self-defence is a concentrated expression of democratic politics and permanent struggle is its basis.

The security dimension of democratic autonomy is not the search for a state, but for means that society protects itself with its own dynamics against any form of attack.

The principle applies: “Even if we held all the power in the world in our hands, we would not attack, but if the whole world came together and united against us, we would not renounce the right of our self-defence”. (As can be seen from the explanations above, terms such as democratic autonomy, self-government and grassroots democracy appear different at first glance, but in the context of the system and their functions they are synonymous. )