THEORY

All the articles in Spanish you find here

Why is the emphasis on the beginning of history important? Sociality plays a dominant role in the path of being human. Sociality is not independent of the place in which it occurs. Space, conditions and historical periods have obvious effects on this. The Middle East has played a cradle...
Especially at a time when humanity is in deep crisis and depression, discussing Rêber Apo’s (Abdullah Öcalan) thoughts that will be a solution to this chaos and crisis will be guiding in terms of finding solutions to the problems of capitalism in the world, especially in Europe in the...
Each of us gives meaning to life in different ways. The most valuable meaning we give to life is our effort to reach the truth. Real companionship, real commitment and truth… A person - only a small particle in the huge universe - has come to the secret of...
The perspective of the nation state - In the nation state, there is only a centralist, monistic and bureaucratic perspective. - All competences are centralised; because of this peculiarity, problem solving becomes cumbersome and lame. - Societies, peoples and identities are forced into conflicts, denial and destruction, and the...
" Humans gain in value when they understand that animals and plants are only entrusted to them. A social 'consciousness' that lacks ecological consciousness will inevitably corrupt and disintegrate". Just as the system has led the social crisis into chaos, so has the environment begun to send out S.O.S. signals...
The political dimension of democratic autonomy The abolition of the policy of annihilation and denial and the realization of the will of society to govern itself are possible with the help of democratic self-administration. This includes the democratic organisation of society, the democratisation of politics, the promotion of the social...
This article aims to contribute to the peoples’ perspective for a solution to the current structural crisis of capitalism. It has been developed from the theory of ‘democratic modernity’ - as opposed to capitalist modernity - as advocated by Kurdish people’s leader Abdullah Öcalan, who has been held captive...
Currently, global capitalism is in a seriously chaotic phase. The Middle East, Anatolia and Mesopotamia are at the top of the list of affected regions. It's therefore a crucial period for the interests of the world's great power centres. Chaotic intervals are associated with economic, social, cultural and political...
The text is an extract from the text "Democratic Nation" by Abdullah Öcalan. The PKK’s struggle until now was essentially aimed at making the Kurdish question visible. The denial of Kurdish reality during the time of its formation naturally brought the question of existence on the agenda. Thus, the PKK...
"The foundation, existence, and freedom of a society that lacks the means to sustain the health of its members is at risk, if not already lost.," states Abdullah Öcalan in his book "Sociology of Freedom". In May 2020 "Sociology of Freedom", the third volume of Abdullah Ocalan's "Manifesto of Democratic...